Bibliography & Resources


Secondary Sources

  1. Balogh, Brian.  A Government out of Sight: the Mystery of National Authority in Nineteenth-Century America. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
  2. Basso, Keith.  Wisdom Sits in Places: Landscape and Language among the Western Apache. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1996.
  3. Blackhawk, Ned. Violence over the Land: Indians and Empires in the Early American West. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2006.
  4. Chenault, Venida S. Weaving Strength, Weaving Power: Violence and Abuse Against Indigenous Women. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic press, 2011.
  5. Cronon, William. Changes in the Land: Indians, Colonists, and the Ecology of New England. New York: Hill and Wang, 1983.
  6. DuVal, Kathleen. The Native Ground: Indians and Colonists at the Heart of the Continent (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006
  7. Fowler, Loretta. Shared Symbols, Contested Meanings: Gros Ventre Culture and History, 1778-1984. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1987.
  8. Graybill, Andrew. The Red and the White: A Family Saga of the American West. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 2013.
  9. Hassrick, Peter  and Mindy N. Besaw. Painted Journeys: The Art of John Mix Stanley. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2015.
  10. McManus, Sheila.The Line Which Separates: Race, Gender, and the Making of the Alberta-Montana Borderlands. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2005.
  11. Rifkin, Mark. Manifesting America: The Imperial Construction of U.S. National Space. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.
  12. Saler, Bethel. The Settler’s Empire: Colonialism and State Formation in America’s Old Northwest. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2014.
  13. Sleeper-Smith, Susan. Indian Women and French Men: Rethinking Cultural Encounter in the Western Great Lakes. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2001.
  14. White, Richard. The Middle Ground: Indians, Empires, and Republics in the Great Lakes Region, 1650-1815. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
  15. Wischmann, Lesley. Frontier Diplomats: Alexander Culbertson and Natoyist-Siksina’ Among the Blackfeet. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2004.
  16. Wishart, David J. The Fur Trade of the American West, 1807–1840: A Geographical Synthesis. Lincoln:  University of Nebraska Press, 1979.
  17. Wissler, Clark and Alice Beck Kehoe. Amskapi Pikuni: The Blackfeet People. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2012.
Published Primary Sources
  1. Denig, Edwin Thompson. Indian Tribes of the Upper Missouri, ed. By J.N.B. Hewitt. Bureau of American Ethnology Forty-Sixth Annual Report (1928-1929), Washington, D.C., 1930.
  2. Contributions to the Historical Society of Montana, Volumes I-X. Helena: Rocky Mountain Publishing Co., 1876-1941.
Digital Primary Sources and Collections
  1. A Century of Lawmaking, Library of Congress
  2. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers, Library of Congress
  3. Digital Public Library of America
  4. Edward E. Ayer Digital Collection, Newberry Library
  5. Smarthistory: Art, History, Conversation
  6. Smithsonian Institutions Collections Catalog
  7. Spatial History Project



Copyright © Jen Andrella | This project is supported by the Cultural Heritage Informatics initiative at Michigan State University